Nº 204 - julho/agosto (july/august) de 2018

 

Perfil:
Giancarlo Zorzin, ilustrador de aves.

Profile: Giancarlo Zorzin, bird ilustrator.

   
Old nest of Lesser Hornero occupied by a Forpus sp, Nov. 3rd, 2013. Photo credit: Anita Studer.

Page 4: Description of the nest and notes on nestling feeding of Lesser Hornero, Furnarius minor (Passeriformes: Furnariidae) in a tributary of the Amazon River, Brazil. By  Anita Studer, Begoña Barcena-Goyena & Marcelo Cardoso de Sousa.


   
Beija-flor-tesoura (Eupetomena macroura) visitando flores de Palicourea rigida (Rubiaceae) no Parque Estadual da Serra de Caldas Novas – GO. Foto: T. N. Araújo. Swallow-tailed Hummingbird (Eupetomena macroura) visiting flowers of Palicourea rigida (Rubiaceae) in the Serra de Caldas Novas State Park - GO. Photo: T. N. Araújo.

Pág. 7:  Comportamento territorial de beija-flores (Apodiformes: Trochilidae) associados a manchas de Palicourea rigida (Rubiaceae) no Cerrado. Por Paulo Vitor Alves Ribeiro, Celine de Melo & Paulo Eugênio Alves Macedo de Oliveira.

Page 7: Territorial behavior of hummingbirds (Apodiformes: Trochilidae) associated with Palicourea rigida (Rubiaceae) patches in the Cerrado. By Paulo Vitor Alves Ribeiro, Celine de Melo & Paulo Eugênio Alves Macedo de Oliveira.

Abstract. Territoriality is a behavior related to the spatial defense of resources and it is common in hummingbirds, which have great energetic needs. Among bird pollinated plant species, Palicourea rigida stands out since it is common and abundant in the Cerrado, with a generally patchy distribution. The objectives of this study were to record the hummingbird species associated with Palicourea rigida patches and to verify if there were differences in visitation time and in the number of flowers visited among birds with different resource defense strategies (territorial versus non-territorial species), between times of day (morning and afternoon), and between treatments (experimental and control, see below). The observations were performed on four patches of Palicourea rigida. The hummingbird species were identified and behaviors were recorded. The number of flowers visited and the time of visitation were recorded. Two patches of Palicourea rigida were selected for the addition of nectar and the other two were kept as controls. Colibri serrirostris, Amazilia fimbriata, Eupetomena macroura and Chlorostilbon lucidus visited and defended Palicourea rigida patches. Hummingbirds that exhibited territorial behaviors (sentinel, vocalization, patrolling, active attack) visited more flowers and spent more time than those that did not exhibit such behaviors. The amount of time and numbers of flowers visited by hummingbirds did not differ between periods, suggesting that there is active foraging throughout the day. It also did not differ between experimental and control patches, demonstrating that the nectar availability of the controls may have been sufficient to satisfy the energy needs of the hummingbirds.

 

   Uiraçu (Harpia harpyja), fêmea subadulta, 60 km ao norte de Manaus, Amazonas. Zona Florestal 2 (INPA), em 03/07/2017. Foto: J. F. Kvarnbäck. Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja), female subadult, 60 km north of Manaus, Amazonas. Florest Zone 2 (INPA), 07/07/2017. Photo: J. F. Kvarnbäck.

Página 12: Seção Livre: Guerra nas Terras: aves em pequenas Reservas “furadas”. By Edwin O. Willis.

Page 12: “Free” Section: War on the Lands: birds in small patchy reserves. By Edwin O. Willis.

Abstract. Earth Wars: Birds in Small Holey Reserves. Instead of “Stars Wars”, we have “Earth Wars”, in which protagonists of “human empire” attack nature and ecologists. Religions and political systems of “r-selection” favor flattened age pyramids, many young but few adults to pay taxes for education, resulting in adults who know little, in a vicious circle. Instead of concentrating on improving existing human systems, much time and energy goes into deforestation. With resulting small nature reserves, birds with reduced populations disappear. Wildlife managers´ emphasis on favorable “edge effects” is not confirmed by recent tropical studies. Earlier temperate-zone studies often counted an edge bird twice, once either side of the edge, rather than one-half species for each side. A hypothesis of 15 years ago, of high value of several small reserves, has been repeated often but has not been tested. With the probability of deleterious effects of clearings in Amazonian forests, it seems likely that cocaine should be legalized and logging restricted to stop “swiss cheese” effects.

 

  Progne tapera. Photo: Giselle Mangini, 04 February 2018, Raco, Tapia Dept, Tucumán, Argentina.

 

Page 18: On Progne subis and Progne tapera (Passeriformes: Hirundinidae) on their Brazilian wintering grounds. By Yoshika Oniki-Willis, Edwin O. Willis & Leandro Melo.

Abstract. Earth Wars: Birds in Small Patchy Reserves. Instead of “Stars Wars”, we have “Earth Wars”, in which protagonists of the “human empire” attack nature and ecologists. Religions and political systems of “r-selection” favor flattened age pyramids, many young but few adults to pay taxes for education, resulting in adults who know little, in a vicious circle. Instead of concentrating on improving existing human systems, much time and energy goes into deforestation. With resulting small nature reserves, birds with reduced populations disappear. Wildlife managers´ emphasis on favorable “edge effects” is not confirmed by recent tropical studies. Earlier temperate-zone studies often counted an edge bird twice, once on either side of the edge, rather than one-half species for each side. A hypothesis of 15 years ago of high value of several small reserves, has been repeated often but has not been tested. With the probability of deleterious effects of clearings in Amazonian forests, it seems likely that cocaine should be legalized and logging restricted to stop “Swiss cheese” effects.

 

  Lateral deviation in Red-breasted Toucan’s (Ramphastos dicolorus) bill, found in Getúlio Vargas, south of Brazil. Photo: A. P. Marcon.

Page 24: Notas Curtas: Bill deformity in Red-breasted Toucan, Ramphastos dicolorus (Piciformes: Ramphastidae). By Amanda Perin Marcon.

 

 Antrostomus rufus registrado na localidade de Santo Amor, Morro Redondo/RS. Foto: G. Gomes. Antrostomus rufus recorded in the locality of Santo Amor, Morro Redondo / RS. Photo: G. Gomes.

Pág. 25: Notas Curtas: Novo registro e extensão de ocorrência de Antrostomus rufus (Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae) no extremo sul do Brasil. Por Gustavo Crizel Gomes, Thales Castilhos de Freitas, Daniel Alvarenga Berbare, Carlos Eduardo Rocha Soares & Henrique Noguez da Cunha.

Page 25: Short Notes: New record and extension of occurrence of Antrostomus rufus (Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae) in the extreme south of Brazil. By Gustavo Crizel Gomes, Thales Castilhos de Freitas, Daniel Alvarenga Berbare, Carlos Eduardo Rocha Soares & Henrique Noguez da Cunha.

   Príncipe (Pyrocephalus rubinus). Foto: W. F. Teixeira. Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus). Photo: W. F. Teixeira.

Pág. 26:  Notas Curtas: Ocorrências inéditas de avifauna em áreas rurais de Teodoro Sampaio - SP. Por José Roberto Pireni, Wilton Felipe Teixeira & Paulo Antonio Silva.

Page 26: Short Notes: New records of avifauna in rural areas of Teodoro Sampaio - SP. By José Roberto Pireni, Wilton Felipe Teixeira & Paulo Antonio Silva.

   Figura 1. (a) Forquilha onde o ninho de Hylophylax naevius foi encontrado. Foto: M. Maximiamo; (b) ninho com dois ovos. Foto: G. A. Leite. Figure 1. (a) Fork where the nest of Hylophylax naevius was found. Photo: M. Maximiamo; (b) nest with two eggs. Photo: G. A. Leite.

Pág. 27: Notas Curtas: Descrição dos ninhos e ovos de Hylophylax naevius e Phlegopsis nigromaculata (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) na Amazônia brasileira. Por Gabriel Augusto Leite, André Grassi Corrêa, Marina Maximiano & Nelson Buainain.

Page 27: Short Notes: Description of the nests and eggs of Hylophylax naevius and Phlegopsis nigromaculata (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) in the Brazilian Amazon. By Gabriel Augusto Leite, André Grassi Corrêa, Marina Maximiano & Nelson Buainain.

Pág. 29:  AOONLINE:


Distribuição de localidades na área de estudo. A estrela indica a capital Maceió, os círculos indicam as IBAs, segundoBirfLife (2006), e os quadrados indicam as áreas de estudo. Distribution of localities in the study area. The star indicates the capital Maceió, the circles indicate the IBAs, according to BirfLife (2006), and the squares indicate the areas of study.

 

Pág. 33: Avifauna de três fragmentos de vegetação no litoral norte do estado de Alagoas, com ênfase em novos registros de aves ameaçadas. Por Carlos Eduardo Bustamante Portes, Fernando Igor Godoy, Adriana Akemi Kuniy.

Page 33: Avifauna of three fragments of vegetation on the northern coast of the state of Alagoas, with emphasis on new records of endangered birds. By Carlos Eduardo Bustamante Portes, Fernando Igor Godoy, Adriana Akemi Kuniy.


   Aves migratórias neárticas registradas em área de cultivo de arroz do município de Doutor Pedrinho, SC. Calidris melanotos. (Foto: Douglas Meyer). Nearctic migratory birds recorded in a rice plantation of Doutor Pedrinho, SC. Calidris melanotos. (Photo: Douglas Meyer).


Pág. 43: Espécies migrantes neárticas registradas em área de cultivo de arroz irrigado no município de Doutor Pedrinho, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Por Douglas Meyer.

Page 43: Nearctic migratory species recorded in irrigated rice plantation in the municipality of Doutor Pedrinho, Santa Catarina, Brazil. By Douglas Meyer.

  Glaucis dohrnii registered in Boa Nova, Bahia on 04/07/2014, latitude: -14 21’ 38,58398’’ and longitude: -40 11’ 24,47571’’. Photo: Pedro Lima

Page 49: First record of the characteristics of the nest of Glaucis dohrnii (Apodiformes: Trochilidae): biometry of the bird and environmental aspects of the nesting site.  By Pedro Cerqueira Lima, Josafá Sampaio de Almeida, Jamerson Monteriro Rodrigues Viana, Ricardo Lustosa Brito.

Pág. 30: Rápidas.

Page 30: Section "Brief news".

Versão em inglês: Dimas Pioli / Eglish version: Dimas Pioli

 


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Last modified): 26 setembro, 2018