Nº 205 -setembro/outubro (september/october) de 2018


Profile: June Lorraine Rodrigues Alves, bird illustrator.

   
Aramides cajaneus cajaneus. Adult. 17/5/2011. PN Guanacaste, Sector Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. Photo: H. F. Greeney.

Page 4: A large cerrado fragment in central São Paulo grows and loses savanna birds, even with fire. By Edwin O. Willis.

Abstract. The Brazilian savanna, known as “cerrado”, is presently a very endangered habitat because of its coarse vegetation structure and easy exploitation by growing human development. Biological loss is a concern, especially to ornithologists. I studied birds in a large protected cerrado reserve in central São Paulo and I show that even this protected reserve lost birds by way of vegetation growth from cerrado to cerradão (woodland). I also report on the effects of a fire in the northwest corner of the reserve in September 2003.



   
Southern Caracara (Caracara plancus) sits on a sandy patch that it scratched with its talons. It dust bathes, spreading sand on its body with vigorous flapping against the ground and body wriggling. Picture: D. F. Meleti.

Page 11: Stay clean: dust and water baths in Polyborinae falcons. By Ivan Sazima.

Abstract. Birds bathe in water and dust, a behavior that is fundamental to thermoregulation and feather maintenance, besides possibly reducing ectoparasites. Descriptions of this behavior are scarce for Brazilian birds and mostly focused on a single species, included in ethograms or concise descriptions. Herein I report on dust and water bathing for six species of a falconid clade, the Polyborinae or caracaras. Generally, while dust bathing, all species scratch the ground with talons, wriggle the body against the ground and flap wings vigorously creating dust clouds, although smaller species flap wings more cautiously. The birds ruffle the dust through the plumage and shake it out, alternating bouts of dusting with those of shaking. While water bathing, the birds enter a shallow water body and stands, squats or sits to soak the under body, and flap the wings vigorously to scatter water on the body. As in dust bathing, the birds alternate bouts of washing with bouts of vigorously body shaking that scatter water droplets around. This behavior is similar among the three species for which water bath is recorded, with the exception of the smaller species being able to bathe in very shallow water. Water bathing remains unrecorded for three of the six species examined herein. Dust bathing seems unusual among raptors, but is recorded for some species of the genus Falco, and now about half of the caracaras. As dust bathing is reported mostly for falcons that live in open or arid habitats, it would be expected for caracaras, as most of them dwell in the open and forage on the ground.

 

  Guira Cuckoo recorded in Altamira, Pará. A Guira Cuckoo where it was first observed near a Xingu River affluent.

 

Page 18: Going on a ride: Guira Cuckoo, Guira guira (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae), increases its distribution in Pará, Brazil, following the anthropogenic environmental changes. By Felipe Bittioli Rodrigues Gomes.

Abstract. Earth Wars: Birds in Small Patchy Reserves. Instead of “Stars Wars”, we have “Earth Wars”, in which protagonists of the “human empire” attack nature and ecologists. Religions and political systems of “r-selection” favor flattened age pyramids, many young but few adults to pay taxes for education, resulting in adults who know little, in a vicious circle. Instead of concentrating on improving existing human systems, much time and energy goes into deforestation. With resulting small nature reserves, birds with reduced populations disappear. Wildlife managers´ emphasis on favorable “edge effects” is not confirmed by recent tropical studies. Earlier temperate-zone studies often counted an edge bird twice, once on either side of the edge, rather than one-half species for each side. A hypothesis of 15 years ago of high value of several small reserves has been repeated often but has not been tested. With the probability of deleterious effects of clearings in Amazonian forests, it seems likely that cocaine should be legalized and logging restricted to stop “Swiss cheese” effects.

  Exposição perdida com o incêndio no Palácio. Foto: M.F. Indiani. Exhibit lost with in the Palace fire. Picture: M.F. Indiani.

Pág. 20: Seção Livre: Entre as cinzas que se foram e as chamas da esperança que nos encorajam: o Museu Nacional vive! Por Marco Aurélio Crozariol.

Page 20: “Free” Section: Between the ashes that have gone and the flames of hope that encourage us: the National Museum lives! By Marco Aurélio Crozariol.

 Cochlearius cochlearius fotografado na Área de Proteção Ambiental Costas do Corais (Pernambuco). Foto: D. G. Holanda. Cochlearius cochlearius photographed in the Costas do Corais Environmental Protection Area (Pernambuco). Picture: D. G. Holland.

Pág. 23: Notas Curtas: Arapapá, Cochlearius cochlearius ((Pelecaniformes:  Ardeidae), um residente pouco conhecido no estado de Pernambuco. Por Victor Leandro-Silva, Diogo G. Holanda, Abraão Ricardo Tenório & Jonathas Lins de Souza.

Page 23: Short Notes: Boat-billed Heron, Cochlearius cochlearius (Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae), a little-known resident in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. By Victor Leandro-Silva, Diogo G. Holanda, Abraão Ricardo Tenório & Jonathas Lins de Souza.

   Anambezinho (Iodopleura pipra) fêmea, registrada em 14 de julho de 2018. Foto: J. Stupka Junior. female Buff-throated Purpletuft (Iodopleura pipra), recorded on July 14, 2018. Picture: J. Stupka Junior.

Pág. 24:  Notas Curtas: Primeiro registro documentado de Iodopleura pipra (Passeriformes: Tityridae) no estado do Paraná. Por João Stupka Júnior.

Page 24: Short Notes: First documented record of Iodopleura pipra (Passeriformes: Tityridae) in the state of Paraná, Brazil. By João Stupka Júnior.

   Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, fotografado em Caxias, Maranhão, em 4/5/2018. Foto: F. H. Hamada.Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, photographed in Caxias, Maranhão, on 05/5/2018. Picture: F. H. Hamada.

Pág. 25: Notas Curtas: Primeiro registro de Pheucticus ludovicianus (Passeriformes: Cardinalidae) no Brasil. Por  Francisco Herochi Hamada & Thiago Rodrigues.

Page 25: Short Notes: First record of Pheucticus ludovicianus (Passeriformes: Cardinalidae) in Brazil. By Francisco Herochi Hamada & Thiago Rodrigues.

   Penas de Turdus albicollis (sabiá-coleira) removidas das partes (cabeça e asas) consumidas no chão por Amadonastur lacernulatus (gavião-pombo-pequeno), na localidade Sertão do Maruim, município de São José, estado de Santa Catarina.Feathers of Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush) removed from the parts (head and wings) consumed on the ground by Amadonastur lacernulatus (White-necked Hawk), in Sertão do Maruim, municipality of São José, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil.


Pág.26: Notas Curtas: Predação de aves passeriformes capturadas em redes de neblina por Amadonastur lacernulatus, gavião-pombo-pequeno (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae). Por Evair Legal, Tiago João Cadorin, Simone de Andrade & Guilherme dos Santos De Lucca.

Page 26: Short Notes: Predation of passerine birds caught in mist nets by Amadonastur lacernulatus, White-necked Hawk (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae). By Evair Legal, Tiago João Cadorin, Simone de Andrade & Guilherme dos Santos De Lucca.

Turdus ignobilis com leucismo parcial fotografado no bairro Cruzeirão em Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre. Data: 28 de abril de 2017. Foto: M. Santos.Turdus ignobilis with partial leucism photographed in the neighborhood Cruzeirão in Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre. Date: April 28, 2017. Picture: M. Santos.

Pág. 27: Notas Curtas: Registro de leucismo parcial em caraxué-de-bico-preto, Turdus ignobilis (Passeriformes: Turdidae), na cidade de Cruzeiro do Sul, estado do Acre, Brasil.  Por
Maíra Santos & Edson Guilherme.



Page 27: Short Notes: Record of partial leucism in Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis (Passeriformes: Turdidae), in the city of Cruzeiro do Sul, state of Acre, Brazil. By Maíra Santos & Edson Guilherme.

  Southern House Wren (Troglodytes musculus). Bird with aberrant plumage, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Photo V. C. B. Vieira.

Page 28: Notas Curtas: New cases of birds with aberrant plumage in southern Brazil. By Valéria Cristina Bejarano Vieira, Renata Brentano, Natascha Horn & Luiz Liberato Costa Corrêa.

Pág. 29:  AOONLINE:


Parte da coleção de ovos de Antônio Caetano da Silva Guimarães Jr.,sem data. Fonte: arquivo da família Guimarães. Part of the collection of eggs of Antônio Caetano da Silva Guimarães Jr., undated. Source: Guimarães family archive.

Pág. 33: Coletores de ovos de aves brasileiras no início do século XX: “Caetano-Guimarães-Chagas” em Minas Gerais. Por  Miguel Ângelo Marini, Marcelo Antônio de Assis Silva, Jéssica Naiara Reis, Neander Marcel Heming & Leonardo Esteves Lopes.

Page 33: Collectors of Brazilian bird eggs at the beginning of the 20th century: "Caetano-Guimarães-Chagas" in Minas Gerais. By Miguel Ângelo Marini, Marcelo Antônio de Assis Silva, Jéssica Naiara Reis, Neander Marcel Heming & Leonardo Esteves Lopes.


   Ferro-velho (Euphonia pectoralis) na RPPN Fazenda Moreira Sales. Foto: L. F. Stencel. Chestnut-bellied Euphonia (Euphonia pectoralis) at RPPN Fazenda Moreira Sales. Picture: L. F. Stencel


Pág. 41: Avifauna da RPPN Fazenda Moreira Sales, em Goioerê e Moreira Sales, Paraná, Brasil. Por Luís Fernando Stencel & Marcelo Galeazzi Caxambu.

Page 41: Avifauna of the RPPN Fazenda Moreira Sales, in Goioerê and Moreira Sales, state of Paraná, Brazil. By Luís Fernando Stencel & Marcelo Galeazzi Caxambu.

Page 49: Urban birds related to habitat, population density and socioeconomics in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Scaling biodiversity immersion in cities. By David C. Morimoto, MacKenzie Schoenthaler & Nathan Coney.

 Pág. 30: Rápidas.

Page 30: Section "Brief news".

Versão em inglês: Dimas Pioli / Eglish version: Dimas Pioli

 


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Last modified): 22 novembro, 2018