Nº 207 - janeiro/fevereiro (january/february) de 2019


Perfil: Rafael Nascimento, ilustrador de aves.

Profile: Rafael Nascimento, bird illustrator.

Photographic records of the probable consumption of the carcass fragment (one wing) of a young Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber) by a Boat-billed Heron (Cochlearius cochlearius). The camera trap was installed on 20 February 2017 at 13:31 h. The white circle highlights the carcass of young Scarlet Ibis..

Page 4: Could a bird carcass be part of the feeding habits of a Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius (Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae)?   By Henrique Chupil & Emygdio L. A. Monteiro-Filho.

Abstract. With nocturnal and crepuscular habits, the Boat-billed Heron (Cochlearius cochlearius) is one of the least conspicuous species within the Ardeidae family. In view of the fact that data on its food ecology are scarce, our study provides evidence of an individual who has explored and possibly ingested part of the carcass of a Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber). The event documented took place in Parque Estadual Ilha do Cardoso, in the southeast region of Brazil, using a camera trap installed in a mixed colony which includes both Scarlet Ibis and herons. Finally, this study provides evidence of an opportunistic foraging behavior of Boat-billed Herons.

   A Great Pampa-finch preying upon an anuran near the Refugio de Vida Silvestre dos Campos de Palmas in the municipality of Palmas, Parana, Brazil, in 09th of December, 2017. Photo: Andriola, JVP.

Page 6: A review of vertebrate predation by Embernagra platensis (Passeriformes: Thraupidae) and a new in situ record of anuran predation. By João Vitor P. Andriola & Amanda P. Marcon.

Abstract. The Great Pampa-Finch (Embernagra platensis Gmelin, 1789) is found in open areas in several countries of South America, at altitudes ranging from 500 m to 2500 m. It lives alone or in pairs, foraging while walking on the ground or in herbaceous vegetation. Its diet is predominantly composed of seeds and insects. In the present work, we present literature records of vertebrate predation by E. platensis and present a new record of anuran predation from Palmas-PR, southern Brazil. Literature data indicate that the species is recorded preying on amphibians and fish, albeit on a small scale, suggesting that the species behaves as an occasional predator. It is possible that these occasional sources of food are important to the species during times of scarce resources, such as during winter.

   A pair of Santa Marta Parakeets. Photo: Fundación ProAves.

Page 8: The Loro Parque Fundación redoubles its efforts to save the Santa Marta Parakeet. By David Waugh.

Abstract. The ‘Endangered’ Santa Marta Parakeet (Pyrrhura viridicata), endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia, faces a worst-case population scenario of only 500 individuals in total, within 210km2 of remaining primary forest. Since 2005 the Loro Parque Fundación and Fundación ProAves have worked together in Project Pyrrhura to prevent the extinction of this species. The project established the “El Dorado” Bird Reserve to protect a key area of subtropical to montane forest. The endemic wax palm, Ceroxylon ceriferum is essential in the life-cycle of the Santa Marta Parakeet, and details are given of nesting and roosting characteristics. The parakeet suffers a lack of natural cavities and a high level of nest predation and displacement. Artificial nests installed in the habitat have not yet demonstrated adequate compensation. The removal from habitat of exotic trees and reforestation with native plants is ongoing. To date, 33 food species of the parakeet have been identified, 80% of which are native. The relative frequency of plant parts consumed is given.

Percentage of foraging strategy by macrophyte vegetation zones. Left: Percentage of “still” or “sit and wait” hunting demonstrating an increase from the sparse to dense vegetation zone. Right: Percentage of “course” or “active” hunting demonstrating an increase from the dense to the sparse vegetation zone.

Page 13: Vegetation structure as driver of foraging strategy selection and prey capture success by Snail Kites, Rostrhamus sociabilis (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) in the deepest lake of the Atlantic Forest. By Fagner Daniel Teixeira, Guilherme Leandro Castro Corrêa & Felipe de Carvalho Araújo.

Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of macrophyte density and foraging strategy on the success of Pomacea predation by Snail Kite. Three vegetation density zones were defined and the success and failure rates as well as the strategies used were observed. Although foraging was distributed evenly across vegetation zones, the macrophyte density gradient did affect foraging strategy and capture success, but not as predicted. The kite had greater success in vegetation zones of increasing density, where sit and wait hunting mainly occurred, while less successful active hunting occurred mostly in the zone of lowest macrophyte density. In addition, we found that both vegetation structure and foraging strategy affect capture success. The results suggest that future studies may provide further information regarding the relationship between energy demand and energy return in this species. Why do the kites continue to carry out a method even without success?

Vulnerable to extinction, the Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) could benefit from AI. Photo: Loro Parque fundación.

Page 18: Targeted research opens the door for assisted reproduction in parrots. By David Waugh.

Abstract. Until recently, artificial insemination (AI) in parrots (Psittaciformes) had limited success in very few species. Recent research has been conducted on the application of technological advances to broaden the use of AI as one element of assisted reproduction in parrots. Males were induced to produce semen by electrostimulation, each sample being immediately examined microscopically to evaluate sperm quality. The parameters of sperm quality are described. Comparisons between genera were made for semen production and sperm quality, and how these vary with season of the year. AI was performed on females by the introduction via capillary tube of fresh, evaluated semen into the oviduct. Assessment is made of the effect of when in the egg-laying sequence AI is performed. To improve the temporal and spatial application of AI in parrots, research was conducted on the cryopreservation of semen, the viability of unfrozen sperm and the effect of its use in AI. It is demonstrated that the use of electrostimulation to induce semen production has high success in parrots, including large species. Protocols for evaluation of sperm quality have been established. Clear differences in semen production and sperm quality are shown between genera, including on a seasonal basis. AI is demonstrated to be successful in a diversity of parrot species, including larger taxa. Protocols for viable cryopreservation of Nymphicus hollandicus semen are described, and successful AI of the same species using unfrozen sperm is demonstrated. It is concluded that AI in parrots is improved and broadened in its application by incorporating technological advances. It is recommended to continue research on all stages, with special attention to cryopreservation.

   Exemplar de Microspingus cinereus em terreno baldio no bairro Gutierrez, zona urbana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Foto: Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos.

Pág. 24:  Notas Curtas: O capacetinho-do-oco-do-pau, Microspingus cinereus (Passeriformes: Thraupidae) na matriz urbana de uma megalópole. Por Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Santos D’Angelo Neto.

  Indivíduo jovem de Buteo swainsoni registrado sobrevoando os bairros próximos à Lagoa Juparanã no município de Linhares (ES). Foto: Kevin Fracalossi (WA 3148978).

Pág. 25: Notas Curtas: Primeiro registro documentado de Buteo swainsoni (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) no estado do Espírito Santo. Por Gabriel Scaldaferro Bonfa, Brener Fabres da Silva & Kevyn Brito Fracalossi.

   Myiarchus ferox selected and picked a piece of horse dung to use as nesting material. Photo: CZFieker.

Page 26: Notas Curtas: Horse dung used as nesting material by the Short-crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus ferox (Aves: Tyrannidae). By Carolline Z. Ficker & Matheus  G. Reis.

 Opal-crowned Tanagers, Tangara callophrys, feeding on Lantana trifolia fruit in a pasture located within the Antimary State Forest, Sena Madureira, Acre, Brazil. Photograph: David Pedroza Guimarães.

Page. 27: Notas Curtas: Observation of the Opal-crowned Tanager, Tangara callophrys (Passeriformes: Thraupidae) feeding on the fruit of Lantana trifolia (Verbenaceae) in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia. By David Pedroza Guimarães, Jônatas Machado Lima & Edson Guilherme.

 Little Stint (Calidris minuta), Açude do Xaréu (Fernando de Noronha, PE, Brazil), October 09th 2018.

Page 28: Notas Curtas: First record of the Little Stint, Calidris minuta (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae), in Brazil . By  Carlos Otávio Araujo Gussoni.

 Aramides saracura predando indivíduo jovem de C. talpacoti em São Bento do Sapucaí (SP). Foto: Danilo da Costa Santos.

Notas Curtas: Predação de indivíduo jovem de Columbina talpacoti (Columbiformes: Columbidae) por Aramides saracura (Gruiformes: Rallidae). Por Danilo da Costa Santos, Helena Ansanello Koury & Reginaldo José Donatelli.

Pág. 29:  AOONLINE:

 Localização geográfica das 15 áreas de estudo no sul da Bahia, Brasil e a frequncia de registros de Crax blumenbachii em cada área de estudo. 1 = Reserva Biológica de Una; 2 = Reserva Ecológica Michelin; 3 = Parque Nacional do Descobrimento; 4 = Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Capitão; 5 = Guaíra; 6 = Região Sul do Parque Estadual Serra do Conduru 7 = Parque Nacional do Pau Brasil; 8 = Vale do Juliana; 9 = Nossa Senhora Auxiliadora; 10 = Bolandeira; 11 = Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Estação Veracel; 12 = Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Serra Bonita; 13 = Alto da Esperança; 14 = Região Central do Parque Estadual Serra do Conduru; 15 = Camacan.

Page 33: Estrutura florestal de áreas-chave para a conservação de uma ave criticamente em perigo de extinção: o mutum-de-bico-vermelho, Crax blumenbachii (Galliformes: Cracidae). Por Poliane Farias Santos, Elaine Rios da Silva & Christine Steiner São Bernardo.

   Ramphocelus carbo. Foto: Rafael Martos Martins.

Page 40: Composição da avifauna na porção sul do rio Jacaré-Pepira, Ibitinga, São Paulo. Por Helena Ansanello Koury, Rafael Martos-Martins & Reginaldo José Donatelli.

Pág. 30: Rápidas.

Page 30: Section "Brief news".

Versão em inglês: Dimas Pioli / English version: Dimas Pioli


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Last modified): 12 abril, 2019